ATTENTION** Federal Cannabis Hemp Marijuana Prohibition is Unconstitutional!
There has been no Amendment to the U.S. Constitution EVER regarding Cannabis.
The 9th Amendment in the Bill of Rights says : "The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people".
In other words, we do have the right to use alcohol and cannabis even though those rights are not listed in the Constitution. And the proof is it did require a Constitutional amendment, the 18th, ratified in 1919, to prohibit alcohol. It required another amendment, the 21st, ratified in 1933, to repeal that prohibition when the people and the government realized how stupid it was -- just as Cannabis prohibition is.
But there has not been a Constitutional amendment in the case of Cannabis. Because it can be proven in court that Cannabis is not as harmful as alcohol, it can not be prohibited without amending the Constitution. The 18th Amendment, alcohol prohibition, is a binding precedent. Just in case you are ever arrested, have that evidence and expert witnesses ready. A jury has the authority to nullify an unconstitutional law, and declare the defendant not guilty. And surely routine drug testing/urinalysis is a violation of the 4th Amendment, regarding unreasonable search & seizure, and the 5th Amendment, regarding self-incrimination.
Len Schropfer, Nebraska